Complications and Management of Bruxism

Complications of bruxism:

In most of the cases, bruxism usually do not lead to serious complications. However, in case of severe bruxism, complications may arise, they are:ID-10025387

  • Damage may occur to the patients teeth, crown or jaw
  • Facial pain may occur as complication of bruxism
  • Tension type headache may occur
  • Complications or disorders may occur at temporomendibular joints (TMJ), which is the joint of jaw bone with skull and located just in front of ears.

Treatment of bruxism:

Most cases of bruxism are mild and usually do not need any treatment. Bruxism is more common among kids and in most cases, the condition disappear after teenage years. Hence, most of the cases do not need any management. However, if bruxism is severe, it may be treated by dental approach, psychotherapy or by medications. There are also various home remedies available for bruxism. Consult your doctor before you decide what type of management may be best for you.

Dental management of bruxism:

If you or your child has bruxism, your dentist can suggest you, ways to prevent damage to teeth due to grinding or clenching of teeth. Dental approach or bruxism management may prevent damage to teeth, however it cannot cure bruxism. Dental approaches of bruxism management include:

  • Mouth guards, splints: these are designed to keep teeth separated and prevent damage of teeth due to grinding and clenching. These are useful in preventing damage to teeth among sufferers of bruxism.
  • Dental correction: mal-aligned teeth should be corrected to prevent damage due to grinding and clenching of teeth.

Psychotherapies for bruxism:

  • Stress management: this is important for management of bruxism. Because people with bruxism, tend to grind teeth in stressful situations more than in case of normal situations. Managing stress can reduce severity of bruxism.
  • Biofeedback: in case you or your child feel it difficult to change habits that may be harmful, especially in persons with bruxism, biofeedback may be useful.
  • Behavior therapy: if you know you are suffering from bruxism, you may learn from your dentist to position your mouth and jaw properly. This can reduce risk of complications from bruxism.

Medications for bruxism:

In management of bruxism, medications are less useful. However certain medications may be used for bruxism management.

  • Muscle relaxants may be used for bruxism. If they are used, it should be for short period only. The effectiveness of muscle relaxants is not well studies and need more studies to confirm the effectiveness.
  • Botox for bruxism: in some cases of bruxism, when other methods of management fail, Botox may be useful.
  • If bruxism is due to side effect of certain medication, changing the medication can stop bruxism.

 

 

Image courtesy of [renjith krishnan] at FreeDigitalPhotos.net



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