HCG: Everything You Need to Know on Human Chorionic Gonadotropin

Want to learn facts on human chorionic gonadotropin hormone? Read more to learn why people use it and how it can cure issues related to infertility.

) is a glycoprotein hormone produced by the placenta that supports the normal development of an egg in a woman’s ovary, and stimulates the release of the egg during ovulation. The HCG hormone protects and nourishes the fetus by delivering caloric nutrition to the placenta by obtaining nutrition from the mother. HCG is used to cause ovulation and to treat infertility in women, and to increase sperm count in men. HCG is also used in young boys when their testicles have not dropped down into the scrotum normally due to a pituitary gland disorder.

HCG is given as an injection under the skin or into a muscle. If you use HCG at home, your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist will give you specific instructions on how and where to inject this medicine. Do not self-inject HCG if you do not fully understand how to give the injection and properly dispose off used needles and syringes.

Call your doctor immediately if you see signs of a blood clot: warmth, pain, redness, numbness, or tingling in your arm or leg; confusion, extreme dizziness, or severe headache.

Some women who use this medicine have developed a condition called ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), especially after the first treatment cycle, which can be a life-threatening condition. Seek medical help at once if you have any symptoms of OHSS: stomach pain and swelling,swelling of the hands or legs, severe pelvic pain, shortness of breath, weight gain, diarrhea, nausea or vomiting, and urinating less than normal.

HCG can cause early puberty in young boys such as a deepened voice, pubic hair growth, and increased acne or sweating.

Using HCG can increase your chances of having a multiple pregnancy (twins, triplets, quadruplets, etc). A multiple pregnancy is a high-risk pregnancy for the mother as well as for the babies. You may have to follow you doctor’s advice about any special care that you may need during your pregnancy.

Although HCG can help you become pregnant, this medication is in the FDA pregnancy category X, which means that using the medication once you are pregnant can cause birth defects in the baby. Therefore, remember not use HCG if you are pregnant. Seek your doctor’s advice immediately if you become pregnant during treatment.

Things to remember before you use HCG:

Do not use this medication if you have ever had an allergic reaction to HCG, or if you have had early puberty (also called precocious puberty), or a hormone-related cancer (such as prostate cancer). Before receiving HCG tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs or if you have a thyroid or adrenal gland disorder;an ovarian cyst;premature puberty;cancer or a tumor of the breast, ovary, uterus, prostate, hypothalamus, or pituitary gland; undiagnosed uterine bleeding;heart disease;kidney disease;epilepsy;migraines; or asthma. If you are suffering from any of these conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely use HCG.

How should I use HCG?

Use each disposable needle only once. Throw away used needles in a puncture-proof container. You can ask your pharmacist where you can get one and the way it is to be disposed off. Keep this container out of reach of children and pets.

You need to visit your doctor on a regular basis to keep your HCG in check. Remember not to miss any scheduled appointments.

Some brands of HCG come in powder form with a separate liquid that you must mix and draw into a syringe. Other brands are provided in single-dose prefilled syringes.

Do not use the medication if it has changed colors or if you see particles in the liquid. It is advised that you keep unmixed HCG at room temperature away from light, moisture, and heat. Mix the HCG and keep it in the refrigerator until you are ready for your injection. Discard any mixed medicine that you have not used within 30 days after mixing.

What happens in case of overdose?

There is no strong evidence that high levels of human chorionic gonadotropin cause direct negative consequences. Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine. However, an overdose of HCG is not expected to produce life-threatening symptoms.

Things to avoid:

While using HCG, follow your doctor’s instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity.

Side effects of HCG:

Terminate the use of HCG and get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: difficulty breathing, hives, swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

What other drugs will affect HCG:

There may be other drugs that can interact with HCG. Inform your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use, which includes herbal products, vitamins, minerals, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Remember always to inform your doctor before starting a new medication. You can easily.


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